Judge Halts Forced Military Anthrax Shots
By PAULINE JELINEK
Dec 22, 1:24 PM (ET)
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Pentagon must stop forcing servicemen and women to take the anthrax vaccination against their will, unless President Bush signs a special order, a judge ruled Monday.
Millions of shots have been given and hundreds of service members have been punished for refusing them since the mandatory vaccinations started in 1998.
The judge ruled that the anthrax vaccinations fell under a 1998 law prohibiting the use of certain experimental drugs unless people being given the drug consent or the president waives the consent requirement.
Congress passed the law following fears that the use of such drugs may have led to unexplained illnesses among veterans of the 1991 Persian Gulf War that have come to be known as Gulf War Syndrome.
"The women and men of our armed forces put their lives on the line every day to preserve and safeguard the freedoms that all Americans cherish and enjoy," said Judge Emmet G. Sullivan of the United States District Court in Washington.
"Absent an informed consent or presidential waiver, the United States cannot demand that members of the armed forces also serve as guinea pigs for experimental drugs," Sullivan said.
The Pentagon had no immediate comment.
Sullivan rejected the government concern that military discipline would be harmed if courts intervene between soldiers and their military superiors.
Believing Iraq and other nations had produced anthrax weapons, former Secretary of Defense William Cohen in 1997 ordered the armed forces immunized.
Shots started in 1998 for soldiers in areas believed to present the highest risk of infection - the Persian Gulf, then Korea.